Utah State Tree - Quaking Aspen
The quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) was chosen by the Utah State Legislature in 2014 to be the state tree. The quaking aspen replaced the Colorado blue spruce, which had held the honor of state tree since 1933. The quaking aspen makes up about 10% of the forest cover in the State of Utah and can be found in all of Utah's 29 counties. In comparison, the Colorado blue spruce makes up about 1% of the forest cover and is primarily found in the the Wasatch and Uinta mountains.
The change was initiated by fourth-grade students at Monroe Elementary in Sevier County who didn't think that the blue spruce represented the State of Utah as a whole. The students chose the aspen because a colony of trees develop a singular root system. They say that reminds them of Utah where we all work together to reach new heights. Senator Ralph Okerlund sponsored S.B. 41 because "the quaking aspen provides Utah an economical, agricultural and recreational benefit." The strong root system of the quaking aspen also appealed to Senator Okerlund because of the state's emphasis on family history and genealogy. S.B. 41 passed 26 to 0 in the Utah Senate on February 10, 2014 and was sent to the Utah House of Representatives for their consideration.
Representative Brad R. Wilson, floor sponsor of S.B. 41, believes the quaking aspen is an appropriate symbol for Utah. "The aspen stems grow from roots of older trees," Wilson said. "This creates a very important metaphor that we could connect to Utah as these children of the parents grow and are very prolific." It passed 54 to 19 in the House of Representatives on February 19, 2014.
Governor Gary R. Herbert signed the bill on March 26, 2014 at Monroe Elementary in front of the students who inspired the change. The governor signed the bill with 13 pens made from quaking aspen while sitting on a chair and at a desk made from the tree, as well.
The Trembling Giant, or Pando (Latin for "I spread"), is a a single clone of quaking aspen connected by one, massive underground root system. Pando's root system of Pando is estimated to be 80,000 years old, making it one of oldest known living organisms on earth. It encompassed approximately 106 acres and is estimated to weigh in excess of 13 million pounds. Pando is located 1 mile southwest of Fish Lake on SR-25 in Fishlake National Forest.
The USDA Symbol for the quaking aspen is POTR5.
Utah's Quaking Aspen
- Quaking Aspen (Bryce Canyon National Park, National Park Service)
- Quaking Aspen (Utah State University Extension)
- Quaking or Trembling Aspen (Utah State University Extension)
- Quaking Aspen Publications and Videos (Utah Government Digital Library)
- Pando - I Spread (Fishlake National Forest, U.S. Forest Service)
- Managing Aspen in Western Landscapes Conference 2004 (Utah State University Extension Conference Archive)
- Populus tremuloides Michx.: Quaking Aspen (The PLANTS Database, Natural Resources Conservation Services, U.S. Department of Agriculture)
- Populus tremuloides Michx.: Quaking Aspen (Native Plant Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas at Austin)
- Restoring the West 2008: Frontiers in Aspen Restoration (Utah State University Extension Conference Archive)
- Western Aspen Alliance (Utah State University College of Natural Resources, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, and the USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station and National Forest Systems)